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The Deceiver

The Deceiver makes others believe something that is not true to dishonestly gain personal benefits.

This might involve:

  • providing false statements
  • deliberate misrepresentation of facts or circumstances
  • withholding relevant information for personal gain.


  • An individual misrepresents facts or circumstances to receive a welfare benefit.
  • A vendor withholds relevant information to win a contract.

Case studies


Counter the Deceiver using measures that support honesty, integrity, information sharing and verification:

Use declarations or acknowledgments to both communicate and confirm that a person understands their obligations and the consequences for non-compliance. The declaration could be written or verbal, and should encourage compliance and deter fraud.

Automatically match data with another internal or external source to obtain or verify relevant details or supporting evidence. This countermeasure is supported by the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner's Guidelines on data matching in Australian government administration.

Reconcile records to make sure that two sets of records (usually the balances of two accounts) match. Reconciling records and accounts can detect if something is different from what is standard, normal, or expected, which may indicate fraud.

Conduct internal or external audits or reviews to evaluate the process, purpose and outcome of activities. Clients, public officials or contractors can take advantage of weaknesses in government programs and systems to commit fraud, act corruptly, and avoid exposure.

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