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This page will help you understand fraud control and ask questions to help you identify opportunities to improve your fraud control arrangements.

Fundamentals for sound fraud control

  • Does your fraud control include: 
    • risk management and planning
    • prevention
    • detection
    • response
    • recording
    • reporting?
  • Are your fraud control arrangements consistent with the expectations of the Commonwealth Fraud Control Framework established under the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013?
  • Is your senior leadership team engaged in fraud control efforts?
  • Do you promote an ethical culture to help prevent and detect fraud?
  • Do you have a suitable governance structure for fraud control that reflects the operating environment and risks of your entity?
  • Do you take opportunities to engage with other entities and relevant networks to share information and experiences on contemporary fraud control approaches?

Risk management and planning

  • Do you manage fraud risks in a way which best suits the individual circumstances of your entity in the context of an overarching risk management framework (as described in the Commonwealth Risk Management Policy)?
  • What is the most effective process to consult and communicate with staff on fraud risks and your fraud control plan?
  • Have you identified relevant fraud risks, taking into consideration your entity's role, size and function, ongoing and emerging fraud risks and broader organisational risks?
  • Are your fraud control processes fit for purpose and based on your entity's individual risk context?
  • When did your entity last conduct a fraud risk assessment?
  • Do you undertake fraud risk assessments when there is substantial changes to the structure, functions or activities of your entity?
  • Are your fraud risk assessments updated through regular and targeted risk assessments?
  • Has your entity developed and implemented a fraud control plan following the fraud risk assessment?
  • Does your Audit Committee receive sufficient and timely information on fraud control arrangements to allow it to provide adequate assurance to the Accountable Authority?
  • Does your Executive have clear oversight of your entity's fraud control plan?
  • Do you regularly monitor and evaluate your fraud control plan and use it to inform your fraud risk assessments and fraud control strategies?
  • Do you monitor and evaluate risk at key stages of a program or function’s life-cycle (particularly program design)?
  • Are there any functions or responsibilities (including large and/or high risk programs) that call for a separate fraud control plan based on assessed risks?

Fraud prevention

decorative  prevention countermeasures

Discover more information about prevention countermeasures.

Fraud detection

Discover more information about detection countermeasures.

Fraud response

  • What processes are in place for investigating or otherwise dealing with incidents of fraud or suspected fraud?
  • Is there an electronic system (fraud incident register) for recording allegations?
  • Do you have a method of triaging potential incidents or allegations of fraud?
  • Do you have processes for undertaking initial evaluations of allegations?
  • Do you use the Australian Government Investigations Standards when conducting investigations?
  • Are your fraud investigators appropriately qualified?
  • Can you complete a fraud investigation from start to finish? Or do you source capability from elsewhere, such as through a contractor or shared services arrangement?
  • Do you have processes to recover fraud losses? Does this include a process for determining when to pursue fraud losses?
  • Following an instance of fraud, do you review your processes to determine what changes can be made to prevent or detect further fraud?
  • Do you monitor and assess the effectiveness of your fraud response activities? How does this inform ongoing fraud control arrangements?

Discover more information about response countermeasures.

Recording and reporting fraud

  • What processes do you have in place for recording and reporting instances of fraud or suspected fraud?
  • Are your processes for recording and reporting incidents of fraud appropriate for the number and type of cases of fraud you experience and the complexity of investigations you undertake?
  • Do you record and report on the outcomes of incidents and investigations?
  • Do you communicate the outcomes of fraud investigations internally to staff?
  • Do you report annually to the responsible Minister or Presiding Officer (as required) on:
    • fraud initiatives planned and undertaken?
    • significant fraud risks facing the entity?
    • significant fraud incidents that occurred?
  • Do you report fraud data to the Australian Institute of Criminology?

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