The Coercer influences, manipulates or bribes another person to act in a desired way to dishonestly gain personal benefits.
This might involve negative incentives such as threats or intimidation, or positive incentives such as favour or monetary kickbacks.
- A criminal organisation threatens public officials to win government contracts.
- An individual intimidates another person to make them hand over personal or banking information to commit fraud.
Counter the Coercer using measures that support probity, information security, oversight and deterrence: